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Homeการเลี้ยงสัตว์Making Your Mark in the Thai Dairy Farming Industry: Key Considerations

Making Your Mark in the Thai Dairy Farming Industry: Key Considerations

Making Your Mark in the Thai Dairy Farming Industry: Key Considerations

Dairy farming is an essential part of Thailand’s agricultural industry, contributing significantly to the country’s food security and economy. However, with an increasing demand for dairy products, the industry has become more competitive, and farmers must make strategic decisions to succeed. In this article, we will look at the key considerations for making your mark in the Thai dairy farming industry.

Understanding the Market

Before venturing into any business, it is crucial to have a good understanding of the market. Dairy farming is no different. Farmers must conduct market research and identify the demand for specific dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt. They need to research the target audience and their preferences as well as competing dairy products in the market.

Choosing the Right Breeds

Choosing the right breeds of cows is essential for successful dairy farming. Farmers must consider factors such as milk yields, disease resistance, and adaptability to the local climate. Some of the popular dairy breeds in Thailand include Holstein, Jersey, and Brown Swiss.

Proper Feeding and Nutrition

To maintain healthy cows that produce high-quality milk, farmers must prioritize proper feeding and nutrition. A balanced diet that includes protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals is necessary for cows to thrive. Farmers must also ensure that the cows have access to fresh, clean water at all times.

Good Husbandry Practices

Good husbandry practices are integral to the success of a dairy farm. Farmers must maintain hygienic conditions, ensure that cows have access to proper shelter, and routinely monitor the animals for signs of illness. Regular grooming and timely milking are also essential.

Effective Record Keeping

Effective record-keeping is essential for the management of a dairy farm. Farmers must keep track of breeding and milking schedules, cow health records, and milk production data. This information helps farmers make informed decisions and improve the overall performance of the farm.

Access to Financing

Dairy farming is a capital-intensive business, and farmers require access to financing to purchase cows and other equipment. There are several financing options available, including loans from banks and government programs. Farmers must research their options and choose the most suitable financing option for their needs.

Farm Management Software

Modern technology has made farm management more accessible and efficient. Farmers can use farm management software to monitor and manage their dairy farms. This software helps farmers make data-driven decisions, streamline processes, and improve overall efficiency.


Starting and managing a dairy farm in Thailand can be challenging, but with the right considerations, you can make your mark in the industry. Key considerations to keep in mind include understanding the market, choosing the right breeds, proper feeding and nutrition, good husbandry practices, effective record-keeping, access to financing, and farm management software.


What is the average lifespan of a dairy cow?

A dairy cow’s average lifespan is around 4-6 years, but some cows can live up to 20 years.

Can cows produce milk all year round?

Yes, cows can produce milk all year round. However, milk production is highest during the first few months after calving.

What is the ideal temperature for dairy cows?

The ideal temperature for dairy cows is between 5-25 degrees Celsius. Cows can become stressed if the temperature exceeds 30 degrees Celsius.

How often do cows need to be milked?

Cows need to be milked at least twice a day, ideally 12 hours apart.

How much milk can a cow produce in a day?

On average, a dairy cow can produce up to 30 liters of milk per day. However, this depends on various factors, including breed, nutrition, and lactation stage.

What is the best time to breed dairy cows?

The ideal time to breed dairy cows is when they reach puberty, which is around 12-15 months of age.

How is milk quality assessed?

Milk quality is assessed based on several factors, including fat content, protein content, bacterial count, and somatic cell count.


  1. “Dairy Farming in Thailand.” World Animal Protection, 2019,
  2. “Dairy Cattle Breeds in Thailand.” Department of Livestock Development, 2021,
  3. “Dairy Cows.” National Dairy Council, 2021,


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