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Dairy Farming in Thailand: A Profitable Venture for Aspiring Farmers

Dairy Farming in Thailand: A Profitable Venture for Aspiring Farmers

Are you an aspiring farmer looking for a lucrative business venture in Thailand? Dairy farming might just be the answer you’ve been searching for. With vast plainlands and favorable weather conditions, Thailand has the potential to be a major player in the dairy industry.

Why Dairy Farming in Thailand?

Thailand is blessed with abundant natural resources, making it a prime location for dairy farming. The country’s warm climate, good rainfall patterns, and fertile soils are ideal for growing high-quality grass for grazing and silage. Additionally, Thailand has excellent transport links and a stable political climate, making it an attractive destination for foreign investment.

Understanding the Dairy Industry in Thailand

Thailand’s dairy industry is still in its infancy but is growing rapidly. The government has been actively promoting the sector, resulting in increased investment and better infrastructure. As of 2021, Thailand’s dairy industry has around 200,000 cows, and most of them are concentrated in the central region. The majority of Thailand’s dairy consumption is in the form of condensed milk, with fresh milk only comprising a small percentage of the market.

Starting Your Dairy Farm

Starting a successful dairy farm requires planning and dedication. Here are some crucial steps to keep in mind:

1. Conduct a feasibility study

Before starting your dairy farm, it’s essential to conduct market research to determine whether there is a demand for milk in your area, as well as the costs involved in production and distribution.

2. Acquire land

Dairy farming requires significant land, and it’s essential to choose a location with sufficient grazing land and good access to markets and transportation.

3. Choose the right breed of cow

Thailand has several breeds of dairy cows, but the most commonly used are Holstein Friesians and crosses between them and other breeds like Jersey and Brown Swiss.

4. Build proper housing and facilities

The cows will need housing, feeding, and watering facilities that are suitable for their specific requirements. They should be able to lie down in a comfortable and dry area while avoiding direct sunlight.

5. Develop a feeding and breeding program

The feeding program should provide balanced and nutritious feed that meets the cow’s requirements for their lactation period. Developing a breeding program involves selecting the best cow-calf pairs that have optimal genetic potential.

6. Obtain the necessary licenses and certifications

It’s crucial to obtain the necessary licenses and health certifications required by the Thai government to run a dairy farm.

Challenges and Risks

Dairy farming comes with various challenges and risks that you need to be aware of, such as disease outbreaks, fluctuating milk prices, and changing government policies. Additionally, finding skilled labor can also be a challenge.


Dairy farming in Thailand presents a lucrative business opportunity for aspiring farmers. With favorable weather conditions and the government’s active participation in promoting the sector, Thailand’s dairy industry has great potential to grow. However, starting a successful dairy farm requires careful planning, dedication, and hard work.


1. How much does it cost to start a dairy farm in Thailand?

The cost of starting a dairy farm varies depending on factors such as the size of the farm, the breed of cows, and the type of facilities you want to build. However, a rough estimate is between 2-3 million baht.

2. What breed of cows is best for dairy farming in Thailand?

The most commonly used breeds are Holstein Friesians and their crosses with other breeds like Jersey and Brown Swiss. These breeds produce a high volume of milk and are tolerant to Thailand’s climatic conditions.

3. What is the process for obtaining the necessary licenses and certifications?

To obtain the necessary licenses and certifications required by the Thai government, you need to contact the Livestock Development Department. They will provide you with guidelines and requirements for the certification process.

4. What are the major challenges facing dairy farmers in Thailand?

Disease outbreaks, fluctuating milk prices, changing government policies, and limited access to skilled labor are some of the challenges facing dairy farmers in Thailand.

5. What is the demand for milk in Thailand?

The demand for milk in Thailand is growing, with most of the consumption in the form of condensed milk. However, growing awareness of the health benefits of fresh milk is driving increased demand for fresh milk in urban areas.

6. What is the life span of dairy cows?

The average lifespan of dairy cows is around five to six years. However, some cows can live for up to ten years or more with proper care.

7. Can dairy farming be profitable in Thailand?

Yes, dairy farming in Thailand can be profitable. However, it requires careful planning, hard work, and dedication to achieve success.




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